Different Types of Electricians
A career as an electrician has more than one stage. You first have to go through training and journeyman status before you can become a master electrician, an electrical contractor or an independent electrician working without supervision. Once you are an electrician you have the choice of focusing on residential, commercial or industrial work.
The first step in becoming a working electrician is to apply for and enroll in an apprentice program. Union programs, like those run through the Electrical Training Alliance, and non-union programs are available in most places, but they can be competitive. As an apprentice you will be provided with everything you need to meet the requirements of licensing, including classroom hours and on-the-job training. You can also expect to earn a salary while you train.
After completing an apprentice ship you can apply to become a licensed journeyman electrician. As a journeyman you will be able to work independently and earn more money, but there are some restrictions that vary by state. For instance, you will not be able to lead a job site, train apprentices or pull permits for electrical jobs. As a journeyman you may choose to get additional supervised training in a specialty area, such as industrial electrical work.
Once you have worked as a journeyman for a period of time, typically two years, you can apply to become a licensed master electrician. At this level you will be able to spearhead jobs, direct teams of electricians and train apprentices. To become a master electrician you need to pass certain exams as dictated by the state in which you are getting licensed.
Not all electricians become contractors, but it is an option you may choose after you have some years of experience. States regulate licensing of contractors and usually require that you are or hire a master electrician and have a certain level of insurance. Electrical contractors are small business owners. They hire other electricians to do jobs, which may be in residential settings, in commercial buildings or in industrial plants.
As a licensed electrician you can choose the kind of work you want to do, which is roughly divided by location. Many electricians stick with residential work, which means they install, maintain and repair the wiring and electrical systems in homes and small apartment buildings. They may work on new construction or existing buildings and most often work for electrical contractors.